The minister  (pictured above)  mentioned  ‘examples of countries that have done relatively well in a dismal scene’. “I cite Morocco, Tunisia and Jordan*….as countries where there has been a more benign attitude towards Jewish refugees,” he said.”This must not obscure the general  awfulness,”  he acknowledged.

Introducing the topic, Ms Villiers said that the 856,000 Jews ethnically cleansed from pre-Islamic communities in Arab countries were the key to understanding the Middle East conflict. She agreed with MPs Andrew Percy (who had relatives of a persecuted Yemenite family in his constituency) and Stephen Crabbe that awareness of the issue was key to debunking the ‘false narrative’ that Israel was a creation of the West and that no Jews had ever lived in the Middle East. She pointed out that a disproportionate amount of airtime was devoted to the Palestinian refugees. Despite the early hardships, the integration of MENA Jews into Israel had been a ‘huge success”, with Mizrahi Jews today a valued part of the fabric of Israeli society as well as in the West.

Robert Halfon lent a personal flavour to the debate: his father Renato Halfon had been deprived of both his home and his business by the Libyan leader colonel Gaddafi;  Fabian Hamilton, whose father was of Turkish/Greek ancestry, mentioned that his great-uncle was mayor of Tangiers.  John Howell gave a run-down of the decline of the Iraqi-Jewish community, several of whom were his personal friends. Dame Louise Ellman pointed out that almost no Jews now existed in the Arab Middle East outside Israel and that over half its Jews had roots in Arab and Muslim countries. She hoped that a ‘peaceful resolution  will once again welcome Jewish people right across the region, to their places of origin.’ Alex Sobel called for reparations for Jewish refugees who had suffered great losses. Independent MP Ivan Lewis said it was time to question why Palestinian ‘refugees’ were still living in camps. ‘Refugees, especially children,  should not be used in the forefront of a Public Relations campaign’, he said.

Scottish MP Peter  Grant  spoke of the ‘ethnic cleansing’ of Jewish refugees. He said conflicts rarely produced refugees from only one side and both sets deserved equal recognition.  Echoing Theresa Villiers’ anxiety that Christians were now following the Jews out of the Middle East, he quoted Rabbi Jonathan Sacks: ‘What starts with the Jews rarely ends with the Jews.’

Jim Shannon pointed out the parallels with Northern Ireland, where the Protestant population, like the Jews, was under threat of ‘ethnic cleansing’. He also remarked on the media bias of the BBC, which invariably omitted any mention of Jewish refugees.

Opposition spokesman Fabian Hamilton remarked that ‘for many Israelis, the issue of refugees remained one of the outstanding obstacles to peace that must be resolved in any final status negotiations’.

Just before he came to the debate,  Hamilton had a meeting with Dr Saeb Erekat from the Palestine Liberation Organisation.

“He asked me to say quite openly that the Palestine Liberation Organisation and the Palestinian Authority believe that just as Palestinians should have their rights to return with full compensation, so should all Jewish refugees. I thought that was very interesting,” he said.

It was perhaps disappointing that Hamilton had not thought to point out to Erekat that no Jew wishes to return to an Arab country.

In her concluding remarks, Theresa Villiers said:  ” This story has stayed untold for far too long. We need this debate to be the start of a process by which we ensure that more people know about this unresolved injustice.