Author : David Hannay
David Hannay is a member of the House of Lords and former UK ambassador to the EU and UN.
The UK is not the only country which is in a muddle over immigration policy, with politicians of all parties running scared of the subject and leaving the field wide open to populists and extremists – look at the US or Italy. But the UK is the country which most urgently needs to sort out its thinking on immigration. The issue is at the heart of the Brexit end game and it risks, as it did at the time of the 2016 referendum, driving us towards making unwise and unjustified choices.
Here are six guidelines to clearer thinking on this sensitive topic:
1. Free movement is not the problem
We really do need to grasp that it is not the EU’s basic commitment to free movement, which will not change, that is the heart of the problem. The UK is simply not making full use of a whole range of administrative measures which are legitimate under EU law – registering EU immigrants when they arrive, returning them after three months if they have not found work. Other member states are doing this, Belgium or Denmark being good examples. And the recently reformed EU Posted Workers Directive offers more flexibility for the future.
Many of these EU-compatible ideas were in the CBI’s paper issued last week. So it makes no sense at all to treat free movement as a make or break issue in the context of joining the EEA or even of remaining in the EU.
2. We already control immigration from non-EU countries
The EU has no collective responsibility for controlling immigration into its member states from countries outside the EU. It never has had. Especially so for the UK, since we are not in the Schengen passport-free travel zone and are not going to be so. Third country immigration into the UK that is now running well ahead of immigration from the EU. And we do not have to take back control of that; we already have it.
3. Turkish immigration = Brexiter scaremongering
The risk of another great surge of immigration from new members of the EU is a shameless scare story. The possibility of 80 million Turks arriving on our doorstep if we stayed in the EU always was a lie, but now it can be seen to be so. Turkey is not any more moving towards accession. And as EU members we will have more say – including a veto – on the terms for other, much smaller states, joining than we would as outsiders.
4. Students shouldn’t be in migration stats
We should take our universities right out of the immigration policy equation and stop treating students as economic migrants. Our higher education sector is one of our biggest invisible exporters – second only to the US – but we are losing market share to our main competitors, like Australia and Canada, as a consequence of the barbed-wire entanglement of visa restrictions we have installed.
5. Take pressure off struggling communities
We do need to address more effectively the problems that high migration levels have caused around the country, whether for health services, for education or for housing. But these remedies are in our own hands. They do not require any say so from Brussels.
6. Skills shortages are a huge threat
We’ve just seen the biggest drop in EU workers in the UK since the ONS started recording such data. If we ignore the signs of deep concern in many sectors over their future ability to recruit from EU countries – whether we are talking about doctors, nurses and care workers, or seasonal agricultural workers, or those with digital and technical expertise or labour for our tourist industries – we will do so at our peril. It was, after all, the flexibility of our labour market which helped to drive economic growth in the period before the financial crash of 2008.
This autumn the government is due to publish a White Paper on post-Brexit immigration policy. Like everything else to do with Brexit, this is running far behind schedule. What would be intolerable would be if the government did not set out its thinking on this well ahead of the crunch decisions on Brexit, so that it can be tested in Parliament and in the country more widely.
Source : https://infacts.org/6-ways-to-think-more-clearly-about-immigration/